In traditional grammar, the article called determinant is defined as the undefined factor that relates to the meaning.
Nouns (Sustantivos) designate the actions, places, people, events, concrete or abstract ideas, and so on. In Spanish, these can be feminine or masculine, grammatically speaking. Sometimes, this classification does not make sense for an English speaking student. “La cama” (the bed) is not regarded as a genius of a “female object” nature, but as an inanimate object is feminine, because it ends in “a”, which is an indication of gender: most nouns ending in “a” are feminine in Spanish. There are some general rules that are not absolute on gender of nouns.
The articles are divided into definite (or determinants) and indefinite (or indeterminant).
The following table provides some examples classified according to the article type, gender and number.
|Masculine||el coche||los coches||un coche||unos coches|
|Feminine||la casa||las casas||una casa||unas casas|
The contractions occur when the article is preceded by the prepositions “a” or “de”. These form from the following structure:
|a||el||al||Voy al campo|
|de||el||del||Vengo del banco|
The neuter article “lo”
It is used to mark abstract, and transforms adjectives into abstract nouns. No gender applies (female or male).
- Lo difícil de aprender español son las conjugaciones.
- Hay que aprovechar lo bueno de la vida.
- Lo mejor de mi viaje fue…
* Items that are defined are those that speak of something known and can be identified.
* The indefinite articles are those that speak of something not known or cannot be identified.