Y OTRA VEZ EL SUBJUNTIVO

The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood. Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.

The subjunctive mood in Spanish is used to express everything except certainty and objectivity (including doubt, impersonal opinion,uncertainty, subjectivity and incomplete action).

Voicing your doubts and reservations

For the optimist, the subjunctive offers hope and for the pessimist, the subjunctive offers doubt.

Each verb that expresses some form of doubt must be followed by the subjunctive in order to convey the sense of uncertainty.

Expressing impersonal opinion

When you want to express an opinion but don’t want that opinion attributed to you, you can use the subjunctive to express impersonal opinion (expressing emotion, uncertainty, unreality, or an indirect or implied command.). In English, the key word in expressing impersonal opinion is it’s:  In Spanish the key word is “es”.

Making one action conditional upon another

Because there must be some uncertainty or subjectivity to warrant the use of the subjunctive, you will usually see it in sentences that contain a main clause which introduces a quality of uncertainty or subjectivity or incomplete action in a subordinate clause

Some connecting words and phrases, such as unless, before, and in case, introduce subordinate clauses that express incomplete action.

The Trigger Method

The subjunctive mood often occurs in subordinate clauses that begin with que

“Es bueno que tengas el coche arreglado”. (It’s good that you have your car fixed.)

Spanish Subjunctive Triggers

es importante que …
it’s important that …

dudar que …
to doubt that …

es bueno que …
it’s good that …

es malo que …
it’s bad that …

esperar que …
to hope/wish that …

es mejor que …
it’s better that …

es raro que …
it’s strange that …

es posible que …
it’s possible that …

es probable que …
it’s likely that …

es necesario que …
it’s necessary that …

hasta que …
until …

ojalá que …
hopefully …

no es cierto que …
it’s not certain that …

mientras que …
meanwhile/while …

sin que …
without …

 

 

Information gathered from:

http://www.fluentu.com/spanish/blog/spanish-subjunctive/

http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/conveying-uncertainty-with-the-spanish-subjunctive.html

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