Muchos/as—Many / Much / a lot / a lot of

Mucho can be either an adjective or adverb (Adverbs are words that modify verbs. They can also be used to modify another adverb or an adjective, and can be created from adjectives.) Mucho precedes a noun when functioning as an adjective. However as an adverb, it follows a verb.

Adjective: Tengo mucho trabajo—I have a lot of work
Adverb: Trabajo mucho—I work a lot
Adverb: El trabaja mucho—He works a lot.

MUCHO/MUCHA/-OS/-AS— much, many—with nouns:

  • Tengo mucha hambre— I am very hungry (literally: I have much hunger)
  • Hay mucha gente— there are a lot of people
  • Son muchos caramelos— they are many candies
  • Hay muchas personas altas— There are a lot of tall people
  • Hay mucha comida— There’s a lot of food
  • Alicia gana mucho—Alicia wins a lot

And mucho/s with an “o” ending would be mainly to describe masculine gender.

  • Hay mucho maiz— There’s a lot of corn
  • Hay muchos mundos— There are a lot of worlds.

And mucha/s with an ‘a’ ending would be used to describe feminine gender.

  • Hay mucha comida— There’s a lot of food
  • Hay muchas personas altas—There are a lot of tall people

Mucho as an adjective ( a lot /many, much) precedes a noun and reflects number and gender (mucho, mucha, muchos, muchas)

  • Mucha gente fue a la fiesta— A lot of people went to the party.
  • Muchas palabras quiero decirte — So many words I want to tell you.
  • Muchos libros serán vendidos— Many books will be sold.
  • Alicia juega muchos partidos—Alicia plays many games

Mucho as an adverb (very much) never changes its form. Adverbs don’t have a plural form. It reflects a degree of quantity (increasing) of the action is the verb.

  • El trabaja mucho—He works very much
  • Habla mucho— he talks much.
  • Leo mucho— I read a lot

Other uses:

  • mucho más: much more
  • le gusta mucho: he likes it a lot,
  • a long time—tardó mucho en venir: he was a long time getting here
  • por mucho que: no matter how much



MÁS= more. It’s similar to the others and can be used with both nouns and adjectives, but it’s always for comparing things:

Hay más gente que antes—There are more people than before.

Hay más niñas que niños—There are more girls than boys

And also the superlative (-est in english)

Tom es el más alto— Tom is the tallest one.
And the comparative (-er in english)

Tom es más alto que Ben—Tom is taller than Ben

Tengo más dinero que Luis— I have more money than Luis

Other uses:

  • more—¿hay algo más grande?: is there anything bigger?
  • most—Luis es el más alto: Luis is the tallest
  • longer—el sabor dura más: the flavor lasts longer
  • what . . . , what a . . . <¡qué día más bonito! : what a beautiful day!
  • dáme dos kilos más: give me two more kilos
  • most—la que ganó más dinero: the one who earned the most money
  • else—¿quién más quiere vino?: who else wants wine?
  • Plus—tres más dos es igual a cinco: three plus two equals five
  • More—¿tienes más?: do you have more?
  • More— ¿quieres más?: do you want more?
  • At most—a lo más
  • Extra, excess— de mas
  • More or less, approximately—más o menos

No matter how much— por más que: Por más que corras no llegarás a tiempo; no matter how fast you run you won’t arrive on time


Content belongs to :http://www.focusonmexico.com/News-and-Views/Articles/2008-Newsletters/July-Articles/Spanish-101-Muy-Mas-Mucho.html


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